செவ்வாய், 11 ஜனவரி, 2011

Sanskrit is Dravidian and NOT Indo-Aryan

---------- Forwarded message ----------
from Thiruvelan
From: veera pandian 
Date: Mon, Jan 10, 2011 at 4:08 PM
 
From: K. Loganathan
Date: Sunday, 9 January, 2011, 8:08 AM

 
This is a repost to Ancient India to diffuse the widespread linguistic divide of India into Dravidian and IndoAryan or IndoEuropean. I think there is no basis for such a division.

Loga

Sanskrit is Dravidian and NOT Indo-Aryan
 Dear Friends
While Sumerian literature has been studied for more than a century, it has been a surprise to me that while it was recognized  it is neither Indo-European nor Semitic, it has not been recognized as Tamil but certainly an Archaic form of it. This has led to the immense negligence of its relevance to the study of ancient Indian languages and cultures. It has also led to overlooking the fact that Rigkrit ( Sanskrit) is also another variant of this SumeruTamil and hence just as much Dravidian as Tamil is.
After reasonably extensive studies of Sumerian texts and a variety of texts in Rigkrit and Sanskrit I want to put up these claims for the consideration of scholars interested in such topics.
The studies that I want to mention briefly are linguistic where I have developed Aspcets of Evolutionary Linguistics such as Uri Linguistics Viri Linguistics and so forth  and which are different from the reconstructive linguistics such as PIE.
 My First Claim is :
Sumerian is Archaic Tamil and possibly the Tamil of the First Sangkam (Academy).

In order to substantiate this  I can site many studies –lexical grammatical and so forth that I have already referred and if necessary I can always repeat, Just to cite a simple example  I take the following sentence from Sulgi Hymn B (C. 2000 BC)
13. tur-mu-de e-dub-ba-a-a am ( Since my very youth, I belonged to edubba)
The Tamil reconstruction would be :
Ta. tur-mutee il tubbaiya aa aam ( Since my very youth I attended the tablet house(school))
In this reconstruction , in phonology morphology and semantics and so forth, the basic utti-s constituting the Viri Linguistics are already there.  Here let me overlook the problems about transcription of the cuneiform texts where  some refinements are required but not a fundamental revision.  For example ‘e’ is rewritten as ‘il’ and which can be incorporated in future readings of the Sumerian itself.  Leaving aside such issues for the time being, let me come to the discussion of the utti-s relevant to the issue.
1.
The Phonological Utti-s
Here we have ‘mude’ rendered as ‘mutee’ with the mapping of ‘d’ into ‘t” and ‘e’ into ‘ee’ . The root of this could be Su. mus (the foundation, the initial etc) and hence also s > d. t etc.
We have also ‘a’ as > Ta. aa (to become) and am> Ta. aam ( a particle of affirmation etc). Here while the ‘–a’ in e-dub-ba-a’ is rendered as ‘y-a’, the next ‘a’ and ‘am’ are rendered as ‘aa aam’ i.e. with the long vowel. Here we note that ‘y’ might have been present but the script was defective for symbolizing it. It could have been read as such but not rendered accurately in the script.
We notice that ‘tur’ remains the SAME both in phonological shape and meaning
We also have ‘dub’ rendered as ‘tub’ where we have d > t , something we see also in Sumerian itself e.g  dug and tuk
2.
The Semantic Utti-s
Now looking at the meanings we see that the meaning of ‘tur’ remains the same as Ta. where tur, tul, tun means ‘small, fine’ and metaphorically ‘evil” etc. The Tamil tur-umbu means something small , tul-li-yam means something fine, minute etc. Tur-neRi is the ‘little way”, the evil way in semantic implications.
The ‘mude’ has become Ta. mutee and mutalee as in ‘akaram mutala ezuttellaam ( KuRal 200 AD). The Mutu also means ancient old etc. The ‘mutal’ also means the foundation, the basis etc. In all these we see a family of semantic relationships that are linked to each with some meanings, perhaps the metaphorical as historically later. The most primordial meaning may be that of Su. mus, the foundation, the basis etc.
3.
The Morphological utti-s
Now we notice that ‘dub’ or ‘dub-ba’ has the Tamil equivalent of Tubbu, the clue, the sign etc that has to be read or deciphered as in tuppu tulangkaL etc. Now we can also see some grammatical operations: dub-ba> bud-da > buddi (Ta. putti) ; intelligence etc. What we have here is metathesis along with the birth of an associated meaning – from a tablet of knowledge to that of intellect of intelligence. We can also see the possible derivation: dub-ba> bud-da> poti and il-dub-ba> poti-il, the famous centre in the ancient  Madurai where the Tamil Academy is said to have functioned. The “poti-il’ may actually be ‘il-tub-bu” but distorted or extended somewhat in meaning
Here we also notice the SAMNESS of meaning in relation to ‘tur’ ‘a or aa’ ‘am or aam’ etc.
Thus the Semantic Utti-s bring out both the SAMENESS in meaning as well DIFFERENCE but where the difference can be explained in terms of historical evolution of various kinds.
4.
The Grammatical Utti-s
Now when we take up ‘e-dub-ba-a” and render it as Ta. il tubbaiya  we have ‘-a’ as the Tamil genitive. locative suffix “-a” that is also widely present in C. Tamil and with same grammatical function. The ‘am’ and Ta. aam are almost the same in grammatical function – an enclitic of agreement, emphasis etc.
Now in the clause ‘tur-mu-de’ we have an identity in grammatical function in the word order: akara mutal, iLamai mutalee etc. Here the “mu-de’ is an adverb of time(?) and the same word order holds in Tamil as well. Now in ‘e-dub-ba’ we see a different word order - in fact the reversal – tubbaiya il  etc. This is  one of the DIFFERENCES in grammar and which is  rule governed. While there is agreement in having the formative ‘-a’ as the adjectival format, ( nall-a maintain ( good man), peri-a viidu ( big house) while in Tamil it is before the Noun in Sumerian it is post the qualified noun. For example e-gal-la > Ta. il kaLLa> kaLLa il etc.
The rule is : N1 ^ N2-a > N2-a ^ N1

Now my second claim is :


Rigkrit(Sanskrit) has Archaic Tamil (SumeruTamil)  as it’s base language  where we have to apply the various kinds of Utties of Uri Linguistics to recover the base form


The following is an example of it:
This is  the second Sloka of Rig Veda 1.1


agnih puurvebhir rishibhir idyo nuutanair uta/ sa devam eha vakshati
May the adorable God, eternally adorned by the seers of times, past and present, be a source of inspiration to wise men of all ages.
The BASE  Tamil form is :
*Ta. angki-a: puurvee-ba-ere (e)ri-si-ba-ere iidiyoo nuuta-na-ere uuta/ saa teyvam  eeka vaku-si-ati
Oh The adorable (and beautiful) One! Bless the newly emerging bright persons so that they would go ahead in divine pursuits  like the bright ones of the ancient  times without any disruption ( in this tradition)
Notes: The infixes ‘ba’ and ‘na’ are third person pronominal infixes which are still available in Tamil
Just to give an example of the derivation of Tamil base,  we can cite the following derivation:
puurvebhir , rishibhir
The most interesting morphological element here is "bhir" and which is certainly a later development of  Su. ba-e-re  as in the following lines
 

Sir
21.  ni-me-lam u-lu-da nam-lu-u-lu  ( When mankind comes before you)
22. ni-me -gar-hus-bi u-mu-re-gin  (In fear and trembling at (your ) tempestuous radiance)
23. me-ta me-hus-bi   su ba-e-re-ti  (They receive from you their just deserts)
* Ta. nii meLLam  vizuta uLuuLunam
* Ta. nooy mey kaal ush(Na)bi uu maar kan(al)
* Ta. meyttu mey ush(Na)bi  cuur (av)varee ti
The grammatical complex 'ba-e-re" ( they) is derived from two more basic words 'ba" ( person) and e-ne > e-re( Ta. inam: a group of people or creatures). The 'ba" as meaning a person still exists in Indonesia and in Malay it exists as" bapa" (father) perhaps to be derived from 'ba-apa" where Su 'aba'  ( as a variant of ama: mother) and Ta. appaa means  'father'.
In Tolkaappiyam we have '-ba" alone as a plural person marker as Ta. en-ba ( say-they). We also have '-manaar" as in "en-manaar pulavar" ( the scholars say-they ..)
It is clear that Sk -bhir above is a late variant of the more primitive " ba-e-re" that exists also  in Tamil as 'peer" meaning people.
We can also mention here that Su. mu-re that occurs in these sentences is of a similar genesis (< mu-e-re) and which exists as Ta. maar, ( and 'manaar")  the plural person marker in verb morphology. This also exists in Malay as 'mereka' ( they)
The 'ri-shi" may be taken as a Su. (e)ri-ji or (e)ri-si  meaning persons who are illuminated, bright, intelligent and so forth. Perhaps from this original sense emerged the secondary notion of 'seers'.
The "puurvee' can be linked with 'puu-uru-ee" where 'Ta. puu meaning to emerge, flower , arise etc. and hence as secondary sense , the point of origin which is more frequently mentioned in Sumerian  as ul-li ( Ta. uuzi). It exists in Ta. as puurvam ( the ancient times) and may also be  linked with Ta. puraaNam, mythological tales.( , puur-aaNa- am : ancient tales of gods))

With  more stdies such as these we can also identify the various kinds of utties that are listed above for Viri Linguistics making the whole enterprise something scientific, a kind of Utti Science.
For more such studies please see:
https://sites.google.com/site/vedictamil/tamil-the-base-of-sk

Concluding Remarks:
If my claims are acceptable then it would follow that not only Sumerian is Archaic Tamil  but also Rigkrit and Sk variants of it where because they have undergone many changes we have to apply the utties of uri Linguistics  to recover the BASE form and which is Archaic Tamil. This implies that including Sk as belonging to the Indo-European family of languages is NOT  valid and hence also the study of Proto Indo European languages as such . There are NO  Indian languages related to the European languages.  This may also imply that AIT etc is not valid. It has to be replaced with Sumerian Migration Theory and so forth.


Loga  15-10-10
 From: Rajeev
Date: Monday, January 10, 2011, 1:46 PM

 
Dear Sir,

With the basis of linguistic analysis, Prof. Max Meular one had mesmerized
the people of entire world.
I do not know whether any discrete analysis will lead us to a certain conclusive 
point as the Mother Nature is Continuous?
However, we wish you a great success in your research, and it may put India
on top of World.
With best regards

Dr. Rajeev Agnihotri

From: K. Loganathan

Date: Monday, 10 January, 2011, 12:07 PM

  Dear Sir

Indian History at least for the past 200 years  or so has seen a divide between Dravidian and Aryan and all because the European Indologists have created the MYTH that Sanskrit is IndoEuropean and that the Indian population is racially  Aryan and Dravidian.  The Brahmins in the South went along with this idea(not all) and which fitted with their own and ancient  VarNasrama Dharma. This is the ROOT  CAUSE for the birth of Dravidian movements towards the close of 19th cent  and a mass movement to PURIFY TAMIl  by getting rid of all Sk sounding words. I grew up in this cultural atmosphere and wondered how true all these European and Brahmin views.

Then when I came across Sumerian Texts in the University of London and realized that it is Archaic Tamil and later that Rigkrit, the language of Vedas is a variant of this SumeroTamil, tI began to question all these historical views. The present series of studies I am posting  is a product of such attempts.

I am convinced that in the DEEP PAST the whole of India was essentially Dravidian and that many different ethnic groups  have come and mingled with  these ancient Dravidians  who were probably the first stream out of Africa, , But despite all these the CULTURE or the temple-centered Agamic Hinduism remains quite the same all over India.

I think the Indian historians must put aside most of the views of the European Indologists and  bring in SumeroTamil studies to bear upon Indian languages and culture so that we gain  a true understanding of Indian History.

Loga


 

2 கருத்துகள்:

  1. Thank you for the info. It sounds pretty user friendly. I guess I’ll pick one up for fun. thank u.
    Tamil Transcription

    பதிலளிநீக்கு
  2. Actually IndoEuropean is also Dravidian and many IE speaking experts will not accept this. A simple example is the Dravidian word
    Kan(eye) which is the source of many European words like...

    Know, Gain, Con, Ken, Gno etc. and hundreds of words using these base sounds.

    I can list hundreds of other such Dravidian root words that were used commonly in IE languages.

    பதிலளிநீக்கு